FERTILIZER APPLICATION
Fertilizer

FERTILIZER APPLICATION

Fertilizer placement can be done in three ways, namely, Broadcast top placement (dressing/side dressing), Localized placement (top dressing/side dressing). Localized fertilizer placement is in two ways; Band application, Circular application. The last placement method is Fertigation placement. A fertilizer application is done in four ways. Broadcasting fertilizer is frequently done after the crop has been harvested, in…

PLANT NUTRIENTS AND THEIR ROLES
Plant Nutrients

PLANT NUTRIENTS AND THEIR ROLES

Mainly there are three essential nutrients Carbon(C), Hydrogen (H), Oxygen(O). These are non-fertilizer elements. Oxygen  All oxygen available to life earth comes from plants. Plants don’t absorb oxygen from the air, but instead, acquire it during the breakdown of carbon dioxide as part of photosynthesis. Most of the oxygen plants take in is expelled as…

SPECIMEN PRESERVATION
specimen preservation

SPECIMEN PRESERVATION

Long-term preservation of organisms either plant or animal in the best possible condition is known as specimen preservation. Why are specimens preserved? For botanical and zoological museum collection For morphological studies Taxonomic reasons For detailed examination(on disease symptoms, nature of pest attack) How to collect and preserve insects Preservation of insects is the best way…

ROOT AND TUBER CROPS
Pest and Disease

ROOT AND TUBER CROPS

Any plant with an edible underground storage organ is known as root and tuber crops.it can be divided into two parts namely modified root and modified stem. Again modified roots can be divided into two parts; taproots and adventitious root.   The stem is normally divided into nodes and internodes. The node holds one or more…

HOW TO IDENTIFY PLANT BACTERIAL, VIRAL, AND FUNGAL DISEASES
Pest and Disease

HOW TO IDENTIFY PLANT BACTERIAL, VIRAL, AND FUNGAL DISEASES

According to the disease triangle when these three elements coincide, plant disease will occur. Eliminating just one of them will keep your plant healthy. There are two types of plant diseases: non-infectious and infectious. In non -infective plant diseases there is no pathogen involvement. No, transmit. These diseases are caused by abiotic factors like nutrient…

PEST AND DISEASES OF RUBBER
Pest and Disease

PEST AND DISEASES OF RUBBER

1. Leaf Disease 2. Panel Disease 3. Root Diseases RUBBER LEAF DISEASES 1. Odium Leaf Disease Causal Organism: Odium heveae The fungus infects leaves at various stages of maturity. Predominantly noticed on newly formed tender flush during the refoliation period. Tender leaves with ashy coating curl, crinkle, and edges roll inwards and fall, leaving the petioles attached…